allennlp.modules.seq2seq_encoders.multi_head_self_attention#

MultiHeadSelfAttention#

MultiHeadSelfAttention(self, num_heads:int, input_dim:int, attention_dim:int, values_dim:int, output_projection_dim:int=None, attention_dropout_prob:float=0.1) -> None

This class implements the key-value scaled dot product attention mechanism detailed in the paper [Attention is all you Need] (https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Attention-Is-All-You-Need-Vaswani-Shazeer/0737da0767d77606169cbf4187b83e1ab62f6077).

The attention mechanism is a weighted sum of a projection V of the inputs, with respect to the scaled, normalised dot product of Q and K, which are also both linear projections of the input. This procedure is repeated for each attention head, using different parameters.

Parameters

  • num_heads : int, required. The number of attention heads to use.
  • input_dim : int, required. The size of the last dimension of the input tensor. attention_dim int, required. The total dimension of the query and key projections which comprise the dot product attention function. Must be divisible by num_heads.
  • values_dim : int, required. The total dimension which the input is projected to for representing the values, which are combined using the attention. Must be divisible by num_heads.
  • output_projection_dim : int, optional (default = None) The dimensionality of the final output projection. If this is not passed explicitly, the projection has size input_size.
  • attention_dropout_prob : float, optional (default = 0.1). The dropout probability applied to the normalised attention distributions.

is_bidirectional#

MultiHeadSelfAttention.is_bidirectional(self)

Returns True if this encoder is bidirectional. If so, we assume the forward direction of the encoder is the first half of the final dimension, and the backward direction is the second half.

forward#

MultiHeadSelfAttention.forward(self, inputs:torch.Tensor, mask:torch.LongTensor=None) -> torch.FloatTensor

Parameters

  • inputs : torch.FloatTensor, required. A tensor of shape (batch_size, timesteps, input_dim)
  • mask : torch.FloatTensor, optional (default = None). A tensor of shape (batch_size, timesteps).

Returns

A tensor of shape (batch_size, timesteps, output_projection_dim), where output_projection_dim = input_dim by default.